The Babylonian historian Berossus in the 3rd century BC stated that the first King after the floods was Euechoios of Chaldea, identified him as Nimrod. Eridu near Ur is considered site of the city of Babel. Holy Priest Berossus is a Babylonian Writer, Historian, Astronomer, Inventor who was the Priest of a Ziggurat also. He wrote in greek language. Berossus wrote ‘Babyloniaca’ (History of Babylon) in three books between 290 to 270 BC. Berossus is also the inventor of the semi-circular Sundial hollowed out of a cubical block. Though the original work of Berossus does not survive to this day but he can be taken as the most accurate and trustworthy historian of his time. In fact it is on record from the derivative works of his book that he was able to unearth and discover the history of Mesopotamia for nearly 500,000 years and made a King list for this period. Considering the importance of Mesopotamia Babylon in the history and evolution of humans, his work “Babyloniaca” was the most important work to have been written during his time and to this day. That the original has been lost is a great loss to mankind in general and Babylonians in particular. Berossus was a man of extraordinary talent and scientific temperament and discovered and collected material for his book in a very rational, scientific and logical way. The complete work on Babylon was a masterpiece of unparalleled proportions were he avoided inserting his own thoughts and gave due weight to all the persons he named in his book, bringing forth their thoughts and processes in front of the world. Because Berossus did not paint the persons in the book in black and white of good and evil so his book was not read my the masses and in fact due to political, religious and cultural reasons sidelined and neglected. That Mesopotamia was under greek occupation also did not favour the book as the greeks had their own Writers and Historians to promote and the truth that Berossus brought forward in his book went against the common perceptions and history known to greeks and common people. But many derivative works of Berossus’s book “Babyloniaca” are available and with right amount of filtering and editing, the truth of some of the remarkable work of Berossus can be still brought out. The extraordinary talent of Berossus to dig out history from remote past and his position of Holy Priest to Ziggurat made many Babylonian records available to him. This he utilised in writing his book “Babyloniaca”. One of the truths which we can derive from the work of Berossus is that the ‘Tower of Babel’ was a real structure constructed near the town of Uruk. The Tower of Babel was designed and constructed by King Nimrod who was not only a monarch and holy Priest but also a Astrologer and Scientist. Thus he designed the architecture of the ‘Tower of Babel’ Ziggurat in a way which could help him worship the Mardok in peace and concentration but also help him in making celestial observations for his scientific works. Because of the unique Priestly and Scientific credentials of Berossus, we will accept his assertion that King Nimrod was King Eueichois. From the historic and scientific point of view of Berossus, there is no contradiction or blasphemy in the construction of the ‘Tower of Babel’ Ziggurat. For some twenty million years, Babylonians have built Ziggurats as places of worship and for nearly 500,000 years or more in the land of Mesopotamia. Thus buildings like the ‘Tower of Babel’ Ziggurat were constructed in the past. Even if we substitute the name of King Euechois with King Nimrod, the King who built the ‘Tower of Babel’ Ziggurat gets a great credit for doing so as it was the duty of the King in Babylon to build Ziggurats for worship to the Mardok and he was performing his duty and function. Thus, there is no blasphemy either in the construction of ‘Tower of Babel’ Ziggurat or its construction by King Nimrod. Here the land of Mesopotamia is the land of Shinar. Here the King Nimrod designed and built the great Ziggurat which later came to be known as the ‘Tower of Babel’. The ‘Tower of Babel’ Ziggurat was designed by King Nimrod and in many ways the architecture of the Ziggurat was unique though it still followed the basic rules of Ziggurat construction. The base of the ‘Tower of Babel’ Ziggurat was constructed of a huge square. The length of each side of the base square was nearly eight hundred cubits. Thus the base square was a 800 cubits x 800 cubits structure occupying 640000 cubit square area. Cubits vary slightly in Mesopotamia and Egypt. Egyptian Cubit is 20.61 inches or 523.5 mm whereas the Mesopotamian (Sumerian) Cubit is 20.42 inches or 518.6 mm. It was built of burnt brick, cemented together with mortar, made of bitumen (asphalt). On this base square was constructed the first tier of the ‘Tower of Babel’ Ziggurat. The proportions were taken of a true Pyramid and follow the ‘Law of Pyramid construction’. The first tier rose very high. Because the base square was very large, the walls in accordance with the ‘Law of Pyramid construction’ stood very steeply and the first tier rose very very high. As the first tier was being raised, at the same time stairs were being built simultaneously so that they could be used to transfer bricks and mortar higher and higher as the ‘Tower of Babel’ continued to be built. The Pyramid of the first tier was never completed but as the top of the first tier was still a very large base, it was left flat. The second tier of the ‘Tower of Babel’ Ziggurat with its base constructed by joining the middle of all four sides of the top flat of the first tier. Thus the next tier was not constructed like a typical Ziggurat with walls parallel to the below tier walls. Rather the next tier was constructed at about 45 degree angle to the base of the below tier. The side of the second tier base started from the middle of one side of the top of first tier roof and stretched to the middle of adjacent sides. Than this second tier was built in accordance with the ‘Law of Pyramid Construction’ to a very great height. Again the walls of the second tier were steep because of the large square base but less steep than the walls of first tier. The second tier Pyramid was also not completed but truncated at the top after going great height. The third tier was built by making the base square by joining the middle of all sides of the flat top of second tier. Than the construction of the third tier was started in accordance with the ‘Law of Pyramid Construction’ and it also rose great heights but the Pyramid was not completed. The walls of the third tier pyramid were more steep than the second tier pyramid. The fourth tier pyramid was constructed on a square base made by joining the middle of the sides of the top of the third tier pyramid. The fourth tier was also constructed in accordance with the ‘Law of Pyramid construction’ The fourth tier also rose very high and its walls were more steep than the third tier pyramid. The fourth tier pyramid was also not completed but left as flat top. Than the fifth tier pyramid was constructed on a square base made by joining the middle of the sides of the top of the fourth tier pyramid flat. Than the fifth tier pyramid was constructed in accordance with the ‘Law of Pyramid construction’ and rose high. This was also not completed but left as a flat top. Next the sixth tier pyramid was constructed on a square base made by joining the middle of the sides of the flat top of the fifth pyramid. The sixth tier pyramid was also built following the ‘Law of Pyramid construction’. This pyramid also rose high but was not completed at the top. Next the middle of the walls of the top (roof) of the pyramid were connected to form the base of the seventh pyramid. This seventh pyramid was constructed in accordance with ‘Law of Pyramid construction’ and rose high. The seventh tier was a hollow structure, carved out into the apex worship chamber ‘Kikunnum’. The roof of the seventh tier Kikunnum was overlaid with metal (Gold) and to which a very long metallic rod made of a silver alloy was attached. This made the ‘Tower of Babel’ Ziggurat even taller. Below the Kikunnum was the King’s Chamber which housed his royal articles as well as scientific instruments like Telescope, Wind Gauge, Compass, Charts of the celestial sky. Thus as given in historical descriptions, the ‘Tower of babel’ Ziggurat had a very huge and stout base and narrowed remarkably towards the top. The ‘Tower of Babel’ Ziggurat was nearly 463 Cubits high. The ‘Tower of Babel’ Ziggurat was the tallest building ever made until the advent of the modern-day skyscrapers.
The ‘Tower of Babel’ Ziggurat had a staircase as in other Ziggurats to climb to the top. The ‘Tower of Babel’ Ziggurat was a place of worship, designed and built by King Nimrod near Uruk, for the worship of the lord the Mardok.
The ‘Tower of Babel’ Ziggurat was struck with lightning and later destroyed by invaders and earthquakes and storms. But it was the tallest structure built in the history of mankind for thousands of years till the present age of skyscrapers. But till such time the ‘Tower of babel’ Ziggurat was intact, it served its whole purpose. It was the place where the King, his family and Priests worshipped and prayed to the Mardok for its blessings to the nation, its people and to the King and his family. It was also used for congregation prayers for the common people. But apart from its role as the leading place of worship, the ‘Tower of Babel’ Ziggurat served several other useful purposes because of its extraordinary height. It became the main observation tower, both for the enemy and as well as the cosmos around it. The King’s chamber below the Kikkunum housed huge telescopes through which King Nimrod and other scientists observed the universe around us. In this way it was used as a observatory and a data collection centre. The blasphemous stories that it was used to avoid floods and reach heaven are truly false and have no basis in original. It never needed such a tall building to avoid floods. The ‘Tower of Babel’ was also used by the Kings and Priests for meditation and inspired communication with the Mardok. Babylonians who studied and taught Astronomy knew their position in the cosmos and of the Mardok as well. Cacama!